|In addition to entry visas, special permits are
required to visit certain areas of India. These include certain
areas of Assam, North Eastern Frontier States (Mizoram, Manipur,
Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh) border areas of Jammu &
Kashmir, selected areas of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, Union
Territories of Andaman and Lakshadweep Islands. If you plan
to visit any of these areas, apply for a special permit well
in advance at the Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi.
| After the independence of India in 1947,
the area remained a part of the province of Assam. Nationalist
activities arose amongst Naga tribes, who demanded a political
union of their ancestral and native groups damaged government
and civil infrastructure, and attacked government officials
and Indians from other states. Nagaland is largely a mountainous
state. The Naga Hills rise from the Brahmaputra Valley
in Assam to about 2,000 feet and rise further to the southeast,
as high as 6,000 feet. Nagaland is rich in flora and fauna.
About one-sixth of Nagaland is under the cover of tropical
and sub-tropical evergreen forests - including palms,
bamboo and rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests.
While some forest areas have been cleared for jhum - cultivation
- many scrub forests, high grass, reeds and secondary
dogs, pangolins, porcupines, elephants, leopards, bears,
many species of monkeys, sambar, deers, oxen and buffaloes
thrive across the state's forests. Christianity is the
predominant religion of Nagaland. The census of 2001 recorded
the state's Christian population at 1,790,349 (90.02%
of the state's population), making it one of the three
Christian-majority states in India, and the only state
where Christians form 90% of the population. In order
to promote tourism in the North-eastern region, the Government
of India has decided to allow foreign tourists to visit
Nagaland. The foreign tourists can visit the districts
of Dimapur, Kohima, Mokokchong and Wokha for a maximum
period of 10 days in a group of four and above exempting
the married couples from this restriction. Despite the
Ministry of Home Affairs, these permits are also issued
by the Directorate of Tourism, Nagaland and the Secretary
of Tourism, Nagaland.
| Assam is known for Assam tea, petroleum
resources, Assam silk and for its rich biodiversity. It
has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros
from near extinction in Kaziranga, the tiger in Manas
and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian
elephant. It is increasingly becoming a popular destination
for wild-life tourism. Traditionally Assamese was the
language of the commons (of mixed origin - Bodo, Khasi,
Sanskrit, Magadhan Prakrit) of the ancient kingdoms such
as Kamrupa and medieval kingdoms of Kamatapur, Kachari,
Cuteeya, Borahi, Ahom and Koch. Traces of the language
can be found in many poems in Charyapada written by Luipa,
Sarahapa, etc during the period of the Xalostombho / Salastambha
dynasty (7th/8th century AD) of Kamarupa Kingdom. Modern
Kamrupi dialect is the remnant of this language. Assamese
culture is traditionally a hybrid one, developed due to
cultural assimilation of different ethno-cultural groups
under various politico-economic systems in different periods
of pre-history and history. The roots of the culture go
back to almost two thousand years when the first cultural
assimilation took place with Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman
as the major components.
In Assam; Kaziranga National Park, Manas Bird Sanctuary,
Guwahati, Kamakhya Temple, Sibsagar and Jatinga Bird Sanctuary
are the restricted areas. A group can stay for 10 days
maximum keeping the individual tourist out of this privilege.
Permits can be obtained from the Ministry of Home Affairs,
all FRROs and Indian missions.
Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram
| Arunachal Pradesh means "land of the
rising sun" ("pradesh" means "state"
or "region") in reference to its position as
the easternmost state of India. Arunachal Pradesh is claimed
by the PRC as an integral part of its territory. The climate
of Arunachal Pradesh differs with the elevation. Areas
that are at a very high elevation in the Upper Himalayas
close to the Tibetan border enjoy an alpine or Tundra
climate. While below the Upper Himalayas are the Middle
Himalayas, where people experience a climate which is
temperate. Fruits like apples, oranges, etc are grown
here in this region. Arunachal Pradesh attracts tourists
from many parts of the world. Tourist attractions include
the Namdapha tiger project in Changlang district, Sela
lake near to Bomdila, the bamboo bridges hanging over
the river. Historical attractions include Malinithan in
Lekhabali and Rukhmininagar near Roing, place where Rukhmini,
lord Krishna's wife, used to live.
The states have been designated as protected areas so
the tourists require a special permit to visit these states
issued by Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi at least
a month before the date of the expected journey
| Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot
of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the Ecoregions
of India. The forested regions of the state exhibit a
diverse range of fauna and flora. The flora of Sikkim
includes the rhododendron, the state tree, with a huge
range of species occurring from subtropical to alpine
regions. Orchids, figs, laurel, bananas, sal trees and
bamboo in the lower altitudes of Sikkim, which enjoy a
subtropical-type climate. Sikkim residents celebrate all
major Indian festivals such as Diwali and Dussera, the
popular Hindu festivals. Losar, Loosong, Saga Dawa, Lhabab
Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are Buddhist festivals
that are also celebrated.
Certain areas of Sikkim like Gangtok, Rumtek, Phodang
and Zongri in West Sikkim and Pamayangtse have been declared
as restricted areas. Individual tourist is permitted to
visit Gangtok, Rumtek and Phodang. The duration of stay
now can be maximum of 15 days. In addition to Ministry
of Home Affairs, permits are issued at all Indian Missions
abroad, all FRROs, Immigration Officers at Mumbai, Kolkata,
Chennai and New Delhi Airports
| Manipur is considered a sensitive border
state. Foreigners entering Manipur (including foreign
citizens born in Manipur) must possess a Restricted Area
Permit which can be obtained from the Foreigners’ Regional
Registration Office in the "metros" (Delhi,
Mumbai, Kolkata) or certain other state government offices.
To visit Loktak Lake, Imphal, Moirang, Keibul Deer Sanctuary
and Waithe Lake, permits can be obtained from all Indian
Missions abroad, all FRROs and Home Commissioner, Manipur,
Imphal. The maximum duration of stay is five days.
| The Andaman Islands are a group of islands
in the Bay of Bengal, and are part of the Andaman and
Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India. There are 576
islands in the group, 26 of which are inhabited. They
are located 950km from the mouth of the Hooghly River,
193 km from Cape Negrais in Myanmar (the nearest point
of the mainland), and 547 km from the northern extremity
of Sumatra. The climate is typical of tropical islands
of similar latitude. It is always warm, but with sea-breezes.
Rainfall is irregular, but usually dry during the north-east,
and very wet during the south-west, monsoons. The Andaman
islands were later occupied by Japan during World War
II. The islands were nominally put under the authority
of the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind (Provisional Government
of Free India) headed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Netaji visited the islands during the war, and renamed
them as Shaheed (Martyr) & Swaraj (Self-rule).
Permits are issued at all FRROs, Indian Missions abroad
and by the Immigration Officer, Port Blair. One can visit
Port Blair Municipal Area, Havelock Island, Long Island,
Neil Island, Mayabunder, Diglipur, Rangat, where a night
halt is allowed and Jolly Buoy, South Cinque, Red Skin,
Mount Harriet, Madhuban where only day visits are allowed
| Agatti Aerodrome on Agatti Island is currently
the only airport in Lakshadweep. Indian, the state owned
carrier, serves Agatti and flies to Kochi on the mainland.
Only Bangaram and Subeli Islands are open to foreign tourists.
Permits are issued from the Lakshadweep Administration,
Wellington Island, Kochi.
| Himachal Pradesh was also known as Deva
Bhoomi (the land of the gods). The Aryan influence in
the region dates back to the period before the Rigveda.
Himachal Pradesh has one of the highest per capita incomes
of any state in India. Due to the abundance of perennial
rivers, Himachal also sells hydro electricity to other
states such as Delhi, Punjab & Rajasthan. The economy
of the state is highly dependent upon three sources i.e.
Hydel power, tourism and agriculture. Himachal is situated
in the interiors of western Himalayas. The state is bordered
by Jammu and Kashmir in the North, Uttar Pradesh in the
South-East, Haryana in the South and Punjab is in the
west. The protected areas of Himachal Pradesh are Poo-Khab-Sumdho-Dhankar-Tabo,
Gompa-Kaza and Orang-Dabling where an Individual tourist
is not permitted at all
| Kashmir was used to refer to the valley
lying between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal range.
Today Kashmir refers to a larger area that includes the
Indian-administered regions of Kashmir valley, Jammu and
Ladakh. Kashmir's economy is centred around agriculture.
Traditionally the staple crop of the valley is rice, which
forms the chief food of the people. Indian corn comes
next; wheat, barley and oats are also grown. Blessed with
a temperate climate unlike much of the Indian subcontinent,
it is suited to crops like asparagus, artichoke, seakale,
broad beans, scarletrunners, beetroot, cauliflower and
cabbage. Fruit trees are common in the valley, and the
cultivated orchards yield pears, apples, peaches, cherries,
etc. are of fine quality.
Ministry of Home Affairs and District Magistrates of concerned
districts issue the special permits for the following
Nyona Sub Division; Leh-Upshi-Chusathang-Mahe-Puga-Tso-Moari
Lake/Kozok; Leh-Upshi-Debring-Puga-Tso-Moari Lake/Korzok;
Leh-Karu-Chang La-Durbuk-Tangtse-Lukung-Spanksik. Pangong
Lake up to Spanksik; Khaltse Sub-Division (Drokahpa Area);
Khaltse-Dunkhar-Sroduchan; Hanudo-Biana-Dha; Nubra Sub
Division; Leh-Khardung La-Khalsar-Tirit up to Panasik;
Leh-Khardung La-Khalsar up to Hunder; Leh-Sabo-Digar La-Digar-Labab-Khungru
Note: Only for trekking conducted by approved tour operators
and accompanied by State Police personnel. Individual
tourists are not permitted at all whereas the tourist
groups are to travel on the identified tour circuits only.
The respective groups should consist 4-20 persons and
should be accompanied by a liaison officer. The permissible
stay period is 7 days. You can take the assistance of
Indian Missions abroad or the Ministry of Tourism, Delhi
| Niti Ghati, Nanda Devi Sanctuary and Kalindi
Khal in Chamoli, Uttar Kashi districts, Adjoining areas
of Milam Glacier are the restricted areas where Individual
tourists are totally prohibited. The groups can enter
with a special permit.
Uttar Pradesh covers a large part of the highly fertile
and densely populated upper Gangetic plain. Located in
North India, it shares an international border with Nepal
and is bounded by the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Himachal
Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh,
Jharkhand and Bihar. The administrative and legislative
capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, and the financial
and industrial capital is Kanpur. The state languages
of Uttar Pradesh are standard Hindi and Urdu. While standard
Hindi (Khari boli) is the official language, several regional
Hindi 'dialects' are spoken throughout the state. Among
these are, Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Braj, Bundeli. Bhojpuri
is the second most-spoken language in the state, Uttar
Pradesh attracts a large number of both national and international
visitors. There are two regions in the state where a majority
of the tourists go. These are the city of Agra and the
holy cities: the cities of Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura,
and Allahabad, by the sacred rivers — the Ganga and the
Yamuna are all located in the state.
| Other areas requiring special permits include
the Pakistan-India border region in the west of National
Highway No. 15 in Rajasthan.
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